Numberless Word Problems

Kindergarten Cafe

You can't teach the child without teaching the WHOLE child! Welcome to Kindergarten Cafe, LLC - your home for teaching ideas, activities, and strategies to support you in teaching the whole child! I am Zeba McGibbon and I love creating resources for teachers and sharing my teaching experience with others. Kindergarten Cafe is aimed for kindergarten, but teachers of Preschool-Second grade can find resources here for their students! I love to connect with other teachers so please reach out and say hello!

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When teaching my students to solve word problems, I love starting with numberless word problems. I learned this strategy a few years ago at a math conference. Numberless word problems help students to practice figuring out what problem they are solving by asking important questions.

When doing a numberless word problem, I always follow a certain step order.

1. Start with the numberless word problem

numberless word problems kindergarten

First, I start with the problem. In this example: “In the nest there are birds and eggs”.

2. What questions do they have?

numberless word problems kindergarten

Next I ask the students what questions they are wondering? I wrote all their questions down on the board. Then, we reviewed their questions and talked about what are questions that we could really solve as mathematicians. For example, what color are the eggs is an interesting questions but not really one that we could figure out without seeing them. At the beginning of the year, before we talk about addition and subtraction, I will stop the routine right there.

3. Give more information to solve

However, we have learned about addition and subtraction now and I want to practice solving word problems with my students. So I give them a bit more information to answer a few of their problems.

numberless word problems kindergarten

In this lesson, my goal was for them to understand how to use a strategy (drawing) to solve a problem. So, I purposefully made it a more difficult problem than just a simple addition or subtraction problem. Then I modeled the drawing with them and explained how I used math drawings to solve word problems. Math drawings are just simple shapes that represent something in the problem. We’ve joked about how we can’t spend all math class drawing the best picture of a bird!

numberless word problems kindergarten


I love using numberless word problems as a way to help my students ask questions and determine which questions they are trying to solve for. After all, not all problems in the real world will have all the numbers or quantities in the problem! If you try these with your students, I’d love to see them! Share them on social media (Instagram, facebook, and/or twitter) and tag me so I can see them!

Want more information or resources? Check out Brian Bushart’s website to learn all the tips and tricks about numberless word problems and see lots of examples!


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